Florence Nightingale - Environmental Adaptation Theory

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Gropper, E. I. (1990). Florence Nightingale: Nursing's first environmental theorist. Nursing Forum, 25(3), 30-33.

Monteiro, L. A. (1985). Florence Nightingale on public health nursing. American Journal of Public Health, 75(2), 181-186.

Nightingale, F. (1859). Notes on nursing: What it is, and what it is not. London, England: Harrison.

Palmer, I. S. (1983). Nightingale revisited. Nursing Outlook, 31(4), 229-233.

Reed, P. G., & Zurakowski, T. L. (1996). Nightingale: Foundations of nursing. In J. J. Fitzpatrick & A. L. Whall (Eds.), Conceptual models of nursing: Analysis and application (3rd ed., pp. 27-54). Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange.

Selanders, L. C. (1995). Florence Nightingale: An environmental adaptation theory. In C. M. McQuiston, & A. A. Webb (Eds.), Foundations of nursing theory: Contributions of 12 key theorists (pp. 415-456). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Widerquist, J. G. (1992). The spirituality of Florence Nightingale. Nursing Research, 41(1), 49-55.


Resource center of the Florence Nightingale Museum