Rosemarie Parse - Theory of Human Becoming

"Parse's model views a human being as an open system freely able to choose from among a series of options in giving meaning to a situation." (Polit & Henderson p. 103).


Bunkers, S. S. (1999). Commentary on Parse's view of community. Nursing Science Quarterly, 12(2), 121-124.

Bunting, S. M. (1995). Rosemarie Parse: Theory of human becoming. In C. M. McQuiston & A. A. Webb (Eds.), Foundations of nursing theory: Contributions of 12 key theorists (pp. 203-260). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Doucet, T. J. & Bournes, D. A. (2007). Review of research related to Parse's theory of human becoming. Nursing Science Quarterly, 20(1), 16-32.

Fawcett, J. (2001). The nurse theorists: 21st century updates - Rosemarie Rizzo Parse. Nursing Science Quarterly, 14(2), 126-131.

Kruse, B. G. (1999). The lived experience of serenity: Using Parse's research method. Nursing Science Quarterly, 12(2), 143-150.

Mitchell, G. J. (1993). Parse's theory in practice. In M. E. Parker (Ed.), Patterns of nursing theories in practice (pp. 62-80). New York, NY: National League for Nursing.

Mitchell, G. J. (2002). Parse's theory of human becoming in nursing practice. In M. R. Alligood & A. M. Tomey (Eds.), Nursing theory utilization & application (2nd. ed., pp. 403-428). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Northup, D. T. (2002). Time passing: A Parse research method study. Nursing Science Quarterly, 15(4), 318-326.

Parse, R. R. (1981). Man-living-health: A theory of nursing. New York, NY: Wiley.

Parse, R.R. (1985). Nursing research: Qualitative methods. Bowie, MD: Brady.

Parse, R. R. (1987). Nursing science: Major paradigms, theories, and critiques. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders

Parse, R. R. (1989). Man-living-health: A theory of nursing. In J. P. Riehl-Sisca ( Ed.), Conceptual models for nursing practice (3rd ed., pp.259-265). Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange.

Parse, R. R. (1992). Human becoming: Parse's theory of nursing. Nursing Science Quarterly, 5(1), 35-42.

Parse, R. R. (1993). Parse's human becoming theory: Its research and practice implications. In M. E. Parker (Ed.), Patterns of nursing theories in practice (pp. 49-61). New York, NY: National League for Nursing.

Parse, R. R. (1995). Illuminations: The human becoming theory in practice and research. New York, NY: National League for Nursing.

Parse, R. R. (1999). Hope: An international human becoming perspective. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Barlett.

Parse, R. R. (1999). Integrity and the advancement of nursing knowledge. Nursing Science Quarterly, 12(3), 187.

Parse, R. R. (1999). Nursing: The discipline and the profession. Nursing Science Quarterly, 12(4), 275.

Parse, R. R. (2001). The lived experience of contentment: A study using the Parse research method. Nursing Science Quarterly, 14(4), 330-338.

Parse, R. R. (2002). Transforming healthcare with a unitary view of the human. Nursing Science Quarterly, 15(1), 46-50.

Parse, R. R. (2003). The lived experience of feeling very tired: A study using the Rarse research method. Nursing Science Quarterly, 16(4), 319-325.

Parse, R. R. (2005). The human becoming modes of inquiry: Emerging sciencing. Nursing Science Quarterly 18(4), 297-300.

Parse, R. R. (2007). Hope in "Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption": A human becoming hermeneutic study. Nursing Science Quarterly, 20(2), 148-154.

Pickrell, K. D., Lee, R. E., Schumacher, L. P., & Twigg, P. (1998). Rosemarie Rizzo Parse: Human becoming. In A. M. Tomey & M. R. Alligood (Eds.), Nursing theorists and their work (4th ed., pp. 463-481). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Wiunkler, S. J. (1983). Parse's theory of nursing. In J. Fitzpatrick & A. Whall (Eds.), Conceptual models of nursing: Analysis and application (pp. 275-294). Bowie, MD: Brady. -- A website maintained by the International Consortium of Parse Scholars.